The Municipality of Kalamaria constitutes the second largest in population municipality of the urban area of Thessaloniki, but also the 2nd in Northern Greece and 9th in entire Greece.

The economic development of Kalamaria is mainly supported by tourism and recreation activities, particularly those in the coastal area, which is extended to 6,5 km and more specifically the beach of Aretsou, a highly developed centre of recreation. Wholesale and retail trade and commerce also constitute an important economic activity with important commercial sites installed in the historical centre as well as the periphery of the municipality.

The Municipality of Kalamaria has developed cooperation with Aristotle University of Thessaloniki for green areas studies oriented in the city of Kalamaria.